Stoptober 2014 Recruitment Campaign (Public Health England)

Summary

The 2014 Stoptober Campaign is supported by British comedians, encouraging smokers to “swap fags for gags”. Last year’s Stoptober Campaign helped 250,000 people to take part; 65% of whom stopped for 28 days.

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Smokers encouraged to swap fags for gags. London: Public Health England, September 8th 2014.

Posted in In the News, National, Practical Advice, Public Health England, Quick Insights, UK, Universal Interest | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Reducing Dementia Risk Factors: World Alzheimer Report 2014 (ADI / Department of Health / Dementia Challenge / World Dementia Council)

Summary

Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI) has published the World Alzheimer Report 2014, entitled “Dementia and Risk Reduction: An analysis of protective and modifiable factors” which examines the evidence on modifiable risk factors for dementia. It shows that dementia risks can be reduced by adopting the broad-ranging prevention strategies listed earlier in the Blackfriars Consensus. There is a focus on:

“…potential modifiable risk factors in four key domains: developmental, psychological and psychosocial, lifestyle and cardiovascular conditions. The report makes recommendations to drive public health campaigns and disease prevention strategies”.

Read more: World Alzheimer Report 2014: Dementia and Risk Reduction. Alzheimers Disease International.

Also of interest:

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Dementia risk reduced by healthy lifestyle report shows. London: Department of Health / Dementia Challenge / World Dementia Council, September 17th 2014.

This relates to:

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Albanese, E. Guerchet, M. [and] Guerchet, M. [et al] (2014). World Alzheimer Report 2014. Dementia and risk reduction: an analysis of protective and modifiable factors. London and New York: Alzheimer’s Disease International, September 2014.

Posted in Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI), Charitable Bodies, Commissioning, Community Care, Department of Health, For Carers (mostly), For Doctors (mostly), For Nurses and Therapists (mostly), For Researchers (mostly), For Social Workers (mostly), In the News, Integrated Care, International, Mental Health, Models of Dementia Care, National, Practical Advice, Public Health England, Quick Insights, Standards, Statistics, UK, Universal Interest | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Evidence for Local Action on Reducing Health Inequalities (Public Health England / UCL)

Summary

Public Health England (PHE) has released a collection of evidence papers on the social determinants of poor health, to support interventions on the social issues which result in health inequalities. Practical advice, and examples of local interventions shown to improve health, are supplied, covering the entire lifecourse.

These reports, collectively also known as the “Local Action on Health Inequalities Series”, were commissioned by Public Health England from the UCL Institute of Health Equity.

The topics relate broadly to the policy objectives of the Marmot Review (2010); the practical guidance supplied in this series offers a focus for action at local level to improve health equity, thereby potentially enabling people to enjoy healthier lifestyles with improved long-term outcomes. The UCL Institute of Health Equity has itself released the main set of landmark evidence reviews and briefing papers, with some additional detailed information sources and a set of contents pages of their own.

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Local action on health inequalities: evidence papers. London: Public Health England, September 16th 2014.

There is a broad overview to the series:

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Local action on health inequalities: introduction to a series of evidence papers. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014. PHE Publications Gateway No. 2014334.

The specific detailed reports cover the following topic areas:

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Evidence review 1: Good quality parenting programmes and the home to school transition. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 1a: Good quality parenting programmes. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 1b: Improving the home to school transition. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Evidence review 2: Building children and young people’s resilience in schools. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 2: Building children and young people’s resilience in schools. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Evidence Review 3: Reducing the number of young people not in employment, education or training (NEET). London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 3: Reducing the number of young people not in employment, education or training (NEET). London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Evidence Review 4: Adult learning services. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 4: Adult learning services. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Evidence Review 5: Increasing employment opportunities and improving workplace health. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 5a: Workplace interventions to improve health and wellbeing. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 5b: Working with local employers to promote good quality work. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 5c: Increasing employment opportunities and retention for people with a long-term health condition or disability. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 5d: Increasing employment opportunities and retention for older people. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Evidence Review 6: Health inequalities and the living wage. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 6: Health inequalities and the living wage. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Evidence Review 7: Tackling fuel poverty and cold home-related health problems. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 7: Fuel poverty and cold home-related health problems. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th  2014.

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Evidence Review 8: Improving access to green spaces. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 8: Improving access to green spaces. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 9: Lessons from experience. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

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Briefing 10: Understanding the economics of investments in the social determinants of health. London: Public Health England / UCL Institute of Health Equity, September 16th 2014.

Posted in Commissioning, Community Care, For Doctors (mostly), For Nurses and Therapists (mostly), For Researchers (mostly), For Social Workers (mostly), In the News, Integrated Care, Local Interest, National, Non-Pharmacological Treatments, Practical Advice, Public Health England, Quick Insights, Standards, UK, Universal Interest, World Health Organization (WHO) | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Dementia Revealed: Dementia Guide / Toolkit for GPs (NHS England / Department of Health / RCGP)

Summary

NHS England has a commitment to improve dementia diagnosis rates. NHS England has published a guide to help GPs perform better on the timely diagnosis of dementia and to offer advice on post-diagnostic support for the person with the diagnosis or their carer(s), including emotional support and practical task-based help and specific interventions such as cognitive stimulation therapy. This broad-ranging guide is also described as the new Dementia Toolkit.

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NHS England Chief Executive committed to improving dementia diagnosis. London: NHS England, September 10th 2014.

This relates to:

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Barrett, E. [and] Burns, A. (2014). Dementia revealed. What primary care needs to know: a primer for general practice. Prepared in partnership by NHS England and Hardwick CCG with the support of the Department of Health and Royal College of General Practitioners. London: NHS England / RCGP, July 16th 2014.

Posted in Alzheimer's Society, Charitable Bodies, Commissioning, Community Care, Delirium, Department of Health, Diagnosis, End of Life Care, Falls, For Doctors (mostly), For Nurses and Therapists (mostly), For Researchers (mostly), For Social Workers (mostly), Integrated Care, Management of Condition, Mental Health, Models of Dementia Care, National, NHS, NHS England, Patient Care Pathway, Person-Centred Care, Pharmacological Treatments, Practical Advice, Quick Insights, Standards, UK, Universal Interest | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

NHS and Social Care Spending Estimation for Commissioners (Monitor)

Summary

Monitor has made available an Excel-based estimating tool to help NHS commissioners determine how effectively their local care economies spend NHS and social care funding. The description supplied with this tool suggests that, simply by submitting some basic variables, commissioners can create a brief indicative patient segmentation for their locality, with analyses by age group, patient group and care settings (and then form judgements about how all of this might change over time).

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Estimating NHS and social care spend: a tool for commissioners. London: Monitor, September 8th 2014.

Click here to download this Care Spend Estimating Tool (in Microsoft Excel spreadsheet format).

A user guide is available:

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Reference

Care spend estimating tool: user guide. London: Monitor, September 2014.

Posted in Commissioning, Community Care, For Researchers (mostly), For Social Workers (mostly), Integrated Care, Local Interest, Management of Condition, National, NHS, Non-Pharmacological Treatments, Person-Centred Care, Quick Insights, Standards, Statistics, UK | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

More on the Cognitive Reserve Hypothesis (BBC News / Nature Neuroscience)

Summary

A small study based at the University of California suggests some people’s brains may have the ability to resist early damage arising in the initial stages of Alzheimer’s Disease.

In elderly subjects asked to memorise a series of pictures during brain scans, those participants with tangles of amyloid protein in their brains (thought to be an early indicator of Alzheimer’s Disease) displayed more brain activity. This is construed by the researchers as an indication that brains showing early damage have some ability to adapt to, and compensate for, deterioration in performance caused by the protein.

Earlier research points widely to lifelong cognitive stimulation tending to build up a “cognitive researve”, whereby brains may be better able to adapt to the damage of ageing. People with higher cognitive reserve are presumed to be better able to withstand brain pathology before showing marked clinical symptoms of dementia.

More research is needed to confirm these findings and explore the implications.

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Reference

Mundasad, S. (2014). Brain may ‘compensate’ for Alzheimer’s damage. London: BBC Health News, September 14th 2014.

This relates to:

Full Text Link (Note: This article requires a suitable Athens password, a journal subscription or payment for access).

Reference

Elman, JA. Oh, H. [and] Madison, CM. [et al] (2014). Neural compensation in older people with brain amyloid-[beta] deposition. Nature Neuroscience, September 14th 2014. [Epub ahead of print].

Posted in BBC News, For Doctors (mostly), For Researchers (mostly), In the News, International, Quick Insights, Universal Interest | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment