Vitamin D May Not Offer Protection Against Neurological Diseases? (NHS Choices / Nutritional Neuroscience / BJPsych Open)

Summary

A recent systematic review of studies into the role of Vitamin D exposure levels / deficiency or supplementation in four neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer’s Disease, Motor Neurone Disease, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Parkinson’s Disease) found little conclusive evidence for any supposed neuroprotective benefits from Vitamin D.

Oddly, sunlight / ultra-violet (UV) exposure, independent of Vitamin D production, may be protective against multiple sclerosis. Vitamin D supplementation appears not to be an effective substitute for UV exposure in providing any protection against neurodegenerative diseases.

More research is required.

“We know that Vitamin D keeps bones, teeth and muscles healthy. But based on the available research, we can’t say whether Vitamin D is good for the brain”.

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Reference

‘No solid evidence’ vitamin D keeps the brain healthy. London: NHS Choices; Behind the Headlines, July 12th 2018.

This relates to:

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Reference

Iacopetta, K. Collins-Praino, LE. [and] Buisman-Pijlman, FTA. [et al] (2018). Are the protective benefits of Vitamin D in neurodegenerative disease dependent on route of administration? A systematic review. Nutritional Neuroscience. July 9th 2018: 1-30. [Epub ahead of print].

Likely interest, but equally inconclusive:

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Reference

Aghajafari, F. Pond, D. [and] Catzikiris, N. [et al] (2018). Quality assessment of systematic reviews of Vitamin D, cognition and dementia. BJPsych Open. July 2018; 4(4): 238-249.

Posted in Animal Studies, For Doctors (mostly), For Nurses and Therapists (mostly), For Researchers (mostly), In the News, International, NHS Choices, Parkinson's Disease, Quick Insights, Systematic Reviews, Universal Interest | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Overcoming Barriers to Timely Adoption of Home Adaptations (Centre for Ageing Better / Northumbria University / University of the West of England)

Summary

Research into the lived experience of users home adaptations (and the professionals who work with these users) suggests that people sometimes delay adaptations to their homes due to a perceived “stigma” associated with handrails, ramps etc.

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Reference

Homes that help: a personal and professional perspective on home adaptations. London: Centre for Ageing Better, July 2018.

This report is based largely on research conducted by Northumbria University:

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Reference

Bailey, C. Hodgson, P. [and] Aitken, D. [et al] (2018). Primary research with practitioners and people with lived experience – to understand the role of home adaptations in improving later life. London: Northumbria University [and] Centre for Ageing Better, July 2018.

Earlier publications leading up to the above report(s):

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Reference

Room to improve: the role of home adaptations in improving later life. London: Centre for Ageing Better, November 2017.

The main review:

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Reference

Powell, J. Mackintosh, S. [and] Bird, E. [et al] (2017). Review: the role of home adaptations in improving later life. London: Bristol Centre for Public Health and Wellbeing; University of the West of England [and] Centre for Ageing Better, November 2017.

Lots of detailed theoretical background material, literature searches / a literature review etc.

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Reference

Appendices: the role of home adaptations in improving later life. London: Northumbria University, Bristol Centre for Public Health and Wellbeing; University of the West of England [and] Centre for Ageing Better, November 2017.

Posted in Assistive Technology, Charitable Bodies, Commissioning, Community Care, Falls Prevention, For Carers (mostly), For Doctors (mostly), For Nurses and Therapists (mostly), For Researchers (mostly), For Social Workers (mostly), Housing, Integrated Care, Management of Condition, National, Non-Pharmacological Treatments, Person-Centred Care, Personalisation, Quick Insights, Standards, Systematic Reviews, Telecare, Telehealth, UK, Universal Interest | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Help and Advice on Debt / Mental Ill-Health Double Whammy (BBC News / Mental Health UK)

Summary

Help is available for persons struggling with combined mental health and money management / debt problems.

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Reference

‘I never thought I’d be alive to pay back my huge debt’. London: BBC Health News, July 6th 2018.

This relates to:

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Reference

Managing Money and Debt: Mental Health and Money Advice. [Online]: Mental Health UK, 2018.

Posted in BBC News, Charitable Bodies, Community Care, Depression, For Carers (mostly), For Nurses and Therapists (mostly), For Researchers (mostly), For Social Workers (mostly), In the News, Integrated Care, Management of Condition, Mental Health, National, Patient Information, Person-Centred Care, Personalisation, Practical Advice, Quick Insights, UK, Universal Interest | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Metabolic Syndrome and Cognitive Decline in the Elderly: a Possible Risk Factor? (PLoS One)

Summary

The following review explores the uncertain evidence for the possible relationship(s) between Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) and increased risk of cognitive impairment in the elderly.

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Reference

Assuncao, N. Sudo, FK. [and] Drummond, C. [et al] (2018). Metabolic Syndrome and cognitive decline in the elderly: a systematic review. PLoS One. March 26th 2018; 13(3): e0194990.

Posted in For Doctors (mostly), For Nurses and Therapists (mostly), For Researchers (mostly), International, Quick Insights, Systematic Reviews, Universal Interest | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson’s Disease: the State of Current Understanding (NPJ Parkinson’s Disease)

Summary

The following review summarises a recent conference on the topic of cognitive impairment encountered in Parkinson’s Disease.

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Reference

Goldman, JG. Vernaleo, BA. [and] Camicioli, R. [et al] (2018). Cognitive impairment in Parkinson’s disease: a report from a multidisciplinary symposium on unmet needs and future directions to maintain cognitive health. NPJ Parkinson’s Disease. June 26th 2018; 4: 19.

Posted in Acute Hospitals, Charitable Bodies, Community Care, Diagnosis, For Carers (mostly), For Doctors (mostly), For Nurses and Therapists (mostly), For Researchers (mostly), For Social Workers (mostly), Integrated Care, International, Management of Condition, Mental Health, Models of Dementia Care, Non-Pharmacological Treatments, Parkinson's Disease, Person-Centred Care, Quick Insights, Statistics, Universal Interest | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Health Benefits From Muscle and Bone Strengthening Exercises and Balance Activity (BBC News / PHE / Centre for Ageing Better / NHS England)

Summary

A review commissioned by Public Health England and the Centre for Ageing Better indicates that muscle and bone strengthening, and balance activities, bring health benefits for adults of all ages, including older adults.

Poor muscle strength increases the risk falls by 76% in older adults. Strengthening and balance activities help prevent falls, and improve mood, sleep patterns and energy levels. Such activities also reduce the risk of early death.

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Reference

Give your bones a workout, public told. London: BBC Health News, July 4th 2018.

“Only one in three men and one in four women do enough of the right types of exercise to keep both healthy and strong, say the experts”.

See also:

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Reference

Major health benefits from strengthening and balance activity. [Online]: Public Health England (PHE), July 6th 2018.

“ …falls are responsible for around 95% of all hip fractures, costing the NHS over £1 billion per year”.

This relates to:

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Reference

Foster, C. Armstrong, M. [and] Hillsdon, M. [et al] (2018). Muscle and bone strengthening and balance activities for general health benefits: in adults and older adults. Summary of a rapid evidence review for the UK Chief Medical Officers’ update of the physical activity guidelines. London: Public Health England (PHE) [and] Centre for Ageing Better, July 2018. PHE Publication Gateway, Reference No.2018207 / 2017207.

Possibly of background (unrelated) interest, regarding cardiovascular ill-health and dementia risk:

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Reference

Therrien, A (2018). Unfit in middle age: are you doomed? London: BBC Health News, June 14th 2018.

A Question of Balance?

Sedentary TV watching, too (in moderation), may be of value in improving mental health and wellbeing.

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Reference

Watching England at the world cup ‘good for your nerves’ claims NHS doctor. [Online]: NHS England, July 7th 2018.

Posted in Acute Hospitals, BBC News, Community Care, Falls, Falls Prevention, For Carers (mostly), For Doctors (mostly), For Nurses and Therapists (mostly), For Researchers (mostly), In the News, Integrated Care, National, NHS England, Non-Pharmacological Treatments, Person-Centred Care, Public Health England, Quick Insights, Statistics, Systematic Reviews, UK, Universal Interest | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment