[A version of this item appears in: Dementia: the Latest Evidence Newsletter (RWHT), Volume 2 Issue 11, June 2012].
The study investigated the factors which predict who is likely to benefit from Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST). Two hundred and seventy-two people with dementia took part in a 7-week CST intervention and were assessed pre-treatment and post-treatment. Results were also compared with those from a previous comparable CST randomised control trial. The contributing factors which predicted change in outcomes were examined.
It was found that CST improved cognition and quality of life, and that these benefits of CST were independent of whether people were taking acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) already. Older age and being female were associated with increased cognitive benefits from CST intervention. Care home residents improved more than community residents with respect to quality of life, but the community residents benefited more regarding the reduction of behaviour problems.
The authors propose that consideration might next be directed to any specific aspects of CST which might enhance the benefits for people with dementia who are male and / or younger than 80 years.
Full Text Link (a) (Note: Access to this article online requires a journal subscription, a suitable Athens password or a one-off payment).
Aguirre, E. Hoare, Z. [and] Streater, A. [et al] (2012). Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) for people with dementia-who benefits most? International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, May 10th 2012, [Epub ahead of print]. (Click here to view the PubMed abstract).
An earlier trial by the same team:
Aguirre, E. Spector, A. [and] Hoe, J. [et al] (2010). Maintenance Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) for dementia: a single-blind, multi-centre, randomized controlled trial of Maintenance CST vs. CST for dementia. Trials, April 28th 2010, Vol.11(46), pp.1-10. (Click here to view the PubMed abstract).