The authors of this systematic review have established a set of recommended neuropsychological and physical exercise tests for researchers by means of which to assess cognition and physical fitness in older patients with dementia. The purpose of this exercise is to create consensus when categorising and recruiting people onto clinical trials, permit more consistency, and thereby to improve research quality.
From fifty-nine neuropsychological tests (cognitive domains: global cognition, executive functioning, memory, and attention) and 10 exercise tests (physical domains: endurance capacity, muscle strength, balance, and mobility) which were identified, the following were recommended:
Recommended Measures of Global Cognition
- The Severe Impairment Battery.
- Mini Mental State Examination.
- Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale: Cognitive Subscale.
Recommended Measures of Executive Functioning
- The Verbal Fluency Test Category/Letters.
- Clock Drawing Test.
- Trail Making Test-B.
Recommended Measures of Memory Performance
No specific memory test could be recommended.
Recommended Measures of Attention Span
- The Digit Span Forward.
- The Digit Span Backward.
- Trail Making Test-A.
Recommended Physical Exercise Tests for Mobility
- The Timed Up and Go.
- Six Meter Walk.
Recommended Physical Exercise Tests for Endurance Capacity
- The Six Minute Walk Distance.
- The Tinetti Balance Scale.
Bossers, WJ. van der Woude, LH. [and] Boersma, F. [et al] (2013). Recommended measures for the assessment of cognitive and physical performance in older patients with dementia: a systematic review. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra, January 2013, Vol.2(1), pp.589-609. (Click here to view the PubMed abstract).
[A version of this item features in Dementia: the Latest Evidence, Volume 3 Issue 6, February 2013].