This article reports on work to identify the rates of potentially preventable complications for dementia patients, compared with non-dementia patients, using hospital discharge data from New South Wales (Australia) in 2006/2007. It was found that surgical dementia patients had higher rates in seven complications than non-dementia patients: urinary tract infections, pressure ulcers, delirium, pneumonia, physiological and metabolic derangement, sepsis and failure to rescue. Medical dementia patients, similarly, showed a higher prevalence of these complications than non-dementia patients.
The highest complication rates and level of risk for dementia patients, in both medical and surgical populations, were in four potentially preventable complications: urinary tract infections, pressure areas, pneumonia and delirium.
Bail, K. Berry, H. [and] Grealish, L. [et al] (2013). Potentially preventable complications of urinary tract infections, pressure areas, pneumonia, and delirium in hospitalised dementia patients: retrospective cohort study. BMJ Open, June 20th 2013, Vol.3(6), e002770. (Click here to view the PubMed abstract).
[A version of this item features in Dementia: the Latest Evidence Newsletter (RWNHST), Volume 3 Issue 8, July 2013].