A high quality systematic review has been published recently on the treatment of pressure ulcers. Readers may opt to read either the study report in full, or a summary version (two articles) in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
“Moderate-strength evidence shows that healing of pressure ulcers in adults is improved with the use of air-fluidized beds, protein supplementation, radiant heat dressings and electrical stimulation”.
Low evidence supports alternating-pressure surfaces, hydrocolloid dressings, platelet-derived growth factor, and light therapy.
Saha, S. Smith, M.E.B. [and] Totten, A. [et al] (2013). Pressure ulcer treatment strategies: comparative effectiveness. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 90. (Prepared by the Oregon Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2007-10057-I.) AHRQ Publication No. 13-EHC003-EF. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, May 2013.
Beth Smith, M.E. Totten, A. [and] Hickam, D.H. [et al] (2013). Pressure ulcer treatment strategies: a systematic comparative effectiveness review. Annals of Internal Medicine. July 2nd 2013, Vol.159(1), pp. W1-W14.
Chou, R. Dana, T. [and] Bougatsos, C. [et al] (2013). Pressure ulcer risk assessment and prevention: a systematic comparative effectiveness review. Annals of Internal Medicine. July 2nd 2013, Vol.159(1), pp. 28-38.
[A version of this item features in Dementia: the Latest Evidence Newsletter (RWNHST), Volume 3 Issue 8, July 2013].
There is a recent review on patient risk factors for pressure ulcers:
Coleman, S. Gorecki, C. Nelson, E.A. [et al]. (2013). Patient risk factors for pressure ulcer development: systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies. July 2013; 50(7): 974-1003. Full Text Link.