Tip-of-the-tongue experiences (TOTs) are those memory lapses where a name, date or fact is known but cannot be retrieved immediately from memory. This NHS Choices Behind the Headlines masterclass critical appraisal examines a study which investigated the association between age and TOT frequency and any presumed relationship between these phenomena and other symptoms often associated with transitions into cognitive impairment and dementia. This detailed and interesting study is inconclusive (at least in terms of the interpretations placed upon it by the news headlines) when appraised carefully and thoroughly.
Memory lapses may still be a sign of dementia. London: NHS Choices; Behind the Headlines, October 21st 2013.
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Full Text Link (Note: This article requires a suitable Athens password, a journal subscription or payment for access).
Salthouse, TA. Mandell, AR. (2013). Do age-related increases in Tip-of-the-Tongue Experiences signify episodic memory impairments? Psychological Science, October 8th 2013, [Epub ahead of print]. (Click here to view the PubMed abstract).