The Chief Medical Officer, Professor Dame Sally Davies’s second surveillance report offers a broad review of England’s public health. This second surveillance volume, “Annual Report of the Chief Medical Officer, Surveillance Volume, 2012: On the State of the Public’s Health” examines six key topics, including new data and analyses. It uses simple infographics to display summary data. The full data behind this report is also available on the Department of Health website to facilitate exploration and analysis. The main topics are:
- Health and Employment.
- Health and Justice.
- Sensory Impairment.
- Diet, Physical Activity and Obesity.
- Cancer Trends.
- Liver Disease.
“ …there is a substantially greater prevalence of dementia (including Alzheimer’s Disease) in those with deafness or blindness, compared to those without deafness or blindness. This association is not well understood, but the impact of sensory impairment on the onset and management of other psychological and neurological problems represents an emerging area of research.” (p.13)
Chapter 4 contains a section about deafness, blindness and dementia.
Professor Dame Sally Davies (2014). Annual Report of the Chief Medical Officer, Surveillance Volume, 2012: On the State of the Public’s Health. London: Department of Health, March 26th 2014.
With regard to the association between hearing loss and cognitive decline, refer to Hearing Loss and Risk of Developing Dementia. The following article may be of interest:
Lin, FR. Yaffe, K. [and] Xia, J. [et al] (2013). Hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults. JAMA Internal Medicine, February 25th 2013, Vol.173(4), pp.293-9. (Click here to view the PubMed abstract).
Possibly of interest, concerning obesity:
Triggle, N. (2014). Overweight seen as the norm, says chief medical officer. London: BBC Health News, March 27th 2014.
Probably also of interest:
Gallagher, J. (2014). One in three adults in England ‘on cusp’ of diabetes. London: BBC Health News, June 10th 2014.
There has been an increase in the proportion of adults in England with prediabetes; the socio-economically deprived appear to be at substantially higher risk. The BMJ Open article:
Mainous, AG. Tanner, RJ. [and] Baker, R. [et al] (2014). Prevalence of prediabetes in England from 2003 to 2011: population-based, cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, June 9th 2014, Vol.4(6), pp.e005002. (Click here to view the PubMed abstract).
Diabetes Prevalence: Importance of the NHS Health Check (Public Health England)
Diabetes UK’s annual Diabetes Week is June 8th to 14th 2014. Public Health England has reminded the public of the NHS Health Check as an opportunity to reduce the risk of developing diabetes.
Diabetes at all-time high: importance of the NHS Health Check. London: Public Health England, June 9th 2014.
Note: There is also an NHS Health Check Interactive Guide which supplies information about the NHS Health Check, how to apply for it, and how to lower health risks.
Questions About Prediabetes Concept
Possibly of interest; UK and US researchers writing in the BMJ suggest labelling people as having prediabetes is unhelpful :
Prediabetes label unhelpful, experts argue. London: NHS Choices, Behind the Headlines, July 16th 2014.
BMI and Cancer Risk
The relationship between different types of cancer and obesity is complex, but research shows that – in general – overweight and obese people are at greater risk of developing the ten most common cancers.
Mundasad, S. (2014). Being overweight or obese ‘linked to 10 common cancers’. London: BBC Health News, August 14th 2014.
This relates to:
Bhaskaran, K. Douglas, I. Forbes, H. [et al] (2014). Body-mass index and risk of 22 specific cancers: a population-based cohort study of 5·24 million UK adults. The Lancet. August 14th 2014. [Epub ahead of print].
Regarding Liver Disease
The All-Party Parliamentary Hepatology Group’s “Liver disease: today’s complacency, tomorrow’s catastrophe” report expresses medical consensus on the need for action on liver disease. Deaths from liver disease in England increased by 40% between 2001 and 2012.
Walsh, F. (2014). ‘Scandal’ of liver disease inaction. London: BBC Health News, March 25th 2014.
This relates to:
Liver disease: today’s complacency, tomorrow’s catastrophe. The All-Party Parliamentary Hepatology Group (APPHG) Inquiry into Improving Outcomes in Liver Disease. London: All-Party Parliamentary Hepatology Group, March 2014.