In an attempt to address the question “Which non-pharmacological interventions work to manage BPSD, under which circumstances and why?” a realist review was conducted to identify complex interactions between context, mechanism, and outcome. The answers were correspondingly multi-dimensional:
“Nonpharmacological interventions for BPSD should include consideration of both the physical and the social environment, ongoing education / training and support for care providers, and individualized approaches that promote self-determination and continued opportunities for meaning and purpose for persons with dementia”.
Caspar, S. Davis, ED. Douziech, A. [and] Scott, DR. (2018). Nonpharmacological management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia: what works, in what circumstances, and why? Innovation in Aging. March 20th 2018; 2(1): igy001.