An article from Japan proposes a model for self-management support, entitled “Self-Management of Autonomous Interdependent Life Empowerment (SMILE)”. Five factors for helping to preserve social function include:
- A focus on individuals’ retained functions and strengths, rather than their deficits.
- Shared decision-making.
- Optimising personal initiative in decision-making.
- Aiming for a state of “autonomous interdependence”.
- Preservation of reciprocal, mutually beneficial, relationships.
Maki, Y. (2019). Proposal for the empowerment of interdependent self-management support for people with dementia. Journal of Geriatric Care and Research. June 2019. Vol.6(1): pp.3-8.