An article from Japan proposes a model for self-management support, entitled “Self-Management of Autonomous Interdependent Life Empowerment (SMILE)”. Five factors for helping to preserve social function include:
- A focus on individuals’ retained functions and strengths, rather than their deficits.
- Shared decision-making.
- Optimising personal initiative in decision-making.
- Aiming for a state of “autonomous interdependence”.
- Preservation of reciprocal, mutually beneficial, relationships.
Maki, Y. (2019). Proposal for the empowerment of interdependent self-management support for people with dementia. Journal of Geriatric Care and Research. June 2019. Vol.6(1): pp.3-8.
SMILE-Related Proposals for Improving Person-Centred Communication Support
A theoretically-based discussion concerning the maintenance of optimally effective communication support throughout the progression of Alzheimer’s Disease dementia, using the SMILE model:
Maki, Y. Iritani, S. [and] Terada, S. [et al] (2019). Communication support for persons with dementia through ‘Self-Management of Autonomous Interdependent Life Empowerment’. Journal of Geriatric Care and Research (JGCR). December 4th 2019, Vol.6(2): pp.56-63.